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If you are pregnant, you are likely to have morning sickness. You are lucky if this morning sickness is bearable for you. However, there will be a lot of other women who may have this with higher intensity. Less than around three percent pregnant ladies get something known as hyperemesis gravidarum. Though it is temporary, there is no cure for this condition. However, there are several ways in which you can manage it.
What Is It?
If you have hyperemesis gravidarum, then you tend to vomit a lot and sometimes almost continually. This, in turn, can lead to issues such as dehydration and even weight loss. Morning sickness often disappears by the end of the first trimester, but hyperemesis gravidarum normally lasts even longer.
Most of the time it strikes between the 4th and 6th week of pregnancy and may be it will be at its worst around weeks 9 to 13. Most of the women may not be able to go about their usual daily activities due to the severe vomiting. Symptoms generally get better by the 20th week. However, this may not happen always.
Another important thing is that the doctors don’t know what causes it, yet they believe it’s related to an increase in the hormone levels.
Fetal Development Month by Month
Those women who had this condition during their first pregnancy tend to have a greater chance of having it again during the next one. There’s no discovered means to prevent it, though having a multivitamin before getting pregnant may benefit a little.
Hyperemesis gravidarum can create problems for both you and your baby. It can affect:
Your weight. Losing 5 percent is common.
Your kidneys. When you have this condition, your kidneys may stop working properly, making you pee less than you actually should.
Your mineral balance. You may hold low levels of minerals, called electrolytes, which your body requires. They consists of sodium and potassium. When you don’t have it sufficiently, it can produce dizziness and weakness. Moreover, it also changes the blood pressure.
Your muscles. The electrolyte imbalance, malnutrition and the requirement for bed rest can weaken the muscles.
Your saliva. There will be too much formation of saliva. And, swallowing it may make queasiness even worse.
Your doctor will want to aid you to manage this. Without treatment, there’s a greater chance your baby will be born prematurely or perhaps have a low birth weight. If any of these of these two happen, it can put him/her at risk for health problems.
The treatment completely depends on your symptoms and how the ailment is affecting your health. Up to around 5% of women with the condition require checking into a hospital. Your doctor may first suggest:
Lifestyle changes. If you are able to eat, then what you need to do is to have more frequent meals in smaller portions. You can also down smaller drinks, but make sure that you drink more often, and through a straw. If hot foods make you feel queasy, then you can try the cold foods. Your doctor may need you to drink electrolyte-replacement sports drinks and other nutritional supplements. Make sure that you get enough sleep and try to control your stress.
Ginger. Having 1 to 1.5 grammes each day in many small doses may aid some of the women. You can combine it with tea, lollipops, or supplements.
Thiamine. This vitamin, which is also called as vitamin B1 in doses of around 1.5 milligrammes each day may reduce vomiting.
Medications. Your doctor will be able to prescribe one or more drugs that will help you to control your vomiting. You can have them by mouth, IV, suppository, or even in a shot. Antacids can also aid you with that. Another potential treatment is IV steroids. Your doctor will make certain that any medicines you take are safe for you and your baby.
If you still tend to throw up and get dehydrated, then your doctor may suggest you to check into the hospital. Once there you may get:
IV fluids. Doctors will provide you with saline and probably electrolytes and vitamins to help keep you hydrated.
Tube feeding. If you can’t hold anything down, the doctor may provide you nutrition via a tube that goes through your nose and then into your stomach. In severe cases, you may require a tube which is connected straight to your stomach or maybe your small intestine.
IV feeding. This dodges the stomach altogether.
Fetal Development Month by Month
Once you are not puking so much and is able to hold down food and stay hydrated, you may be ready to stop treatments.
You should keep one thing in mind that all these conditions are going to stop eventually and that you will have your baby soon after all that.